Category Archives: holidays/special events

Martin Luther King’s Day: What is it?

I’m sure many of you know about Martin Luther King Jr. and what he did for our country. I sure all of you know of, praise, or even look up to this civil rights leader. On Martin Luther King’s Day or MLK day, if you want the name short. This article is going to tell you about Dr. King’s youth, life, and death. Let’s start with his birth.


        Michael King Jr. was born January 15th in his father’s grandparents’ house on      Auburn Avenue in Atlanta, Georgia to Michael King Sr. and Alberta Williams in    Michael’s father had his and his son’s name changed to Martin Luther King in honor of Protestant Reformation leader Martin Luther.                                                                           Martin Luther King Jr. came from a line of pastors at Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta.  Dr. King’s grandfather began serving in 1914 all the way to 1931. His son took over for him until he died too.  Martin Luther King Jr. acted as co-pastor from 1960 until he joined his father in death.                                                                                                       As a child he went to Atlanta Public Schools, a David T. Howard Elementary, and Booker T. Washington High School.  He graduated from Atlanta’s Morehouse College at the age of nineteen in 1948 and became Dr. King when he graduated from Boston University with a Ph.D. in 1955.        


     During his time at Boston University, King met Coretta Scott, soon to be Coretta Scott King.  They married in June 1953. They had Yolanda, Martin Luther King III, Dexter Scott and Bernice.                                                                                                                                Though his parents tried to shield him from racism but he still exprienced some. When Dr. King moved to Mongomery he joined NAACP around the 1950’s as a member of the excecutive committee and has been in ever since.  He made leader of the Montgomery bus boycott. During his first speech as leader he said to his troops:

“We have no alternative but to protest. For many years we have shown an amazing patience. We have sometimes given our white brothers the feeling that we liked the way we were being treated. But we come here tonight to be saved from that patience that makes us patient with anything less than freedom and justice.”
Their plan worked. Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph Abernathy, and other church ministers and civil rights activists organized Southern Christian Leadership Conference to organize the power of  black churches and start peaceful protests. Perhaps the most famous march would be the one that took place in Washington in March, where  Dr. King’s ‘I had a Dream speech took place. Thousands helped protest and heard Dr. King speak. Below is an excerpt:
I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.”  — Martin Luther King, Jr. / “I Have A Dream” speech, August 28, 1963
   Many of his supporters were sent to jail and King too.  However, it had an effect on the public.  People began to question all those laws against blacks.  Dr. King recieved the Noble Peace Prize in 1964, and on March 9th, 1965, black and white protestors joined him in the march.
  I hope you enjoyed this article!


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